Did you know…?

Care of my writing and foraging pal, Julia horton-Powdrill, here’s a quick list of fascinating flora and fauna facts for you! Julia’s website ‘Wild About Pemrokeshire’ is full of interesting things…

Did you know…

  • The world’s oldest known recipe is for beer.
  • Examples of countryside foods that were being eaten in 1917 include blackbirds, sparrows, starlings, hedgehogs, brown rats, grasshoppers, caterpillars and bees!
  • Samuel Pepys liked nettle porridge for breakfast.
  • Daffodil bulbs contain a substance called galanthine that scientists are developing for use in the treatment of Alzheimer’s.
  • Primrose and daisy flowers can be put into salads.
  • The Acer (maple) was used by the Romans to make arrows. Acer means ‘sharp’ in Latin.
  • Human urine is a great source of nitrogen for plants and can be used on compost heaps to accelerate the decomposition process. No, really…!
  • A single dandelion flower has about 180 seeds, but a mature three year old plant can produce up to 5,000 seeds!
  • Water travels up tree trunks at roughly 150 feet per hour.
  • There are more than 375 micro-species of blackberry in Britain, providing a wide range in shape, size, fruiting time, sweetness and flavour.

And on that note… here’s a really quick and easy blackberry recipe:

Place 300g blackberries in a blender with 75g icing sugar and a squeeze of lemon juice. Whizz to a purée, then pass it through a sieve into a large bowl. Stir in 300ml double cream and use an electric whisk to whip into a fluffy mousse.

Spoon into four dishes, or you could put it into a large serving bowl (glass is good as the colour is so lovely!) and decorate with a few extra blackberries. Eat straight away, or cover and chill – you can make it a day in advance if you need to.

 

 

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Keeping it clean – and fresh!

As autumn draws its misty veil around us, it’s time for a bit of pampering me thinks. Apart from natural beauty products being good to use, making them can be soothing and therapeutic too. Here are two cleansers and a skin freshener to suit different skin types. Enjoy!

Olive oil cleanser – for dry skin

You will need:

  • 10ml (2 teaspoons) olive oil
  • 5ml (1 teaspoon) runny honey

This recipe could not be easier, and the cleanser works brilliantly.

Simply mix the two ingredients together until well combined. Then apply to the face and neck rubbing well in well with the pads of your fingers. Rinse off with a mild herbal infusion or tepid water.

Mint and Thyme cleanser – for oily skin

You will need:

  • 15ml (1 tablespoon) thyme infusion
  • 15ml (1 tablespoon) mint infusion
  • 15ml (1 tablespoon) milk
  • 1 heaped teaspoon wholemeal flour
  • 1 level teaspoon cornflour or cornstarch

For the infusion, use 30g (1oz) of dried herb to 600ml (21/2 cups) of boiling water and leave to steep for at least an hour. Keep any unused infusion in the fridge.

Put all the ingredients except the infusions into a steep-sided bowl or wide-knecked glass jar standing in boiling water. Stir until it begins to thicken. Add 1 tablespoon of each infusion and allow to cool. Pot and keep in the fridge.

Massage gently into your face with cotton wool and remove with toner or rose water.

Parsley freshener – for all skin types

  • 25g (1oz) parsley leaves
  • 600ml (21/2cups) boiling water 

This parsley infusion is lovely and refreshing used from the fridge.

 

 

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Chickens and eggs…

My blogs about chickens always seem to be popular – what is it about hens that makes them so appealing? Look in any gift shop and there are ornaments, cards and pictures of chickens everywhere! Is it their fluffiness? Their perceived ‘homeliness’? Or their clucky motherly nature?

Any of you who have hens will know, it’s all those things and more – their fun characters, their daft habits and their lovely noises. Years ago when Julia, my Hen Pal, first had hens, she made the mistake of putting a newly planted half-barrel garden tub inside their run to make it look pretty!

However hens, it seems, don’t appreciate beautiful tubs of annual plants… on returning home, she found four hens closely packed in the tub having a whale of a time! Clucking and ‘pocking’ merrily, they had thrown all the plants out and proceeded to enjoy a luxurious dirt bath of epic proportions, gossiping and chucking dirt at each other in the best ‘hen party’ tradition. Once she’d stopped laughing and grabbed a camera, she managed to catch two of them still in the tub! Their luxury bathing tub remained, but Julia didn’t bother to re-plant it!

Eggs too are a popular image, but what is the shape of a chicken egg? It’s not round and it’s not oval either. Apparently, to be technically correct it’s an asymmetrical mix of oval and tapered, with one end bigger than the other which helps them fit together quite snugly in the nest, with only small air spaces between them. This means the eggs radiate their heat onto each other, and keep each other warm. And of course, you can fit more eggs into the nest. And finally, let’s not forget another reason that eggs are tapered – so that they can get pushed out of the hen more easily!

I wish I had a friend with ducks too – the local farm sells duck eggs sometimes – they’re amazing if you have never tried them, we had a duck egg omelette last week and it was just delicious. However keeping ducks on our stream with a small but manically bouncy spaniel is just never going to go well!

 

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Raspberry easel card

Easel cards have been really popular for the last year or two – and I can understand why – they really do show off all the work you put into the design and aren’t too hard to make.

The cover of this card is made using a design from our Fun and Games decoupage set. The mice are cooling off under the rose of the watering can – so sweet!

The backing papers have been printed from our House Mouse Inserts CD.

The basic card measures 150mm square. The cover is made by layering some raspberry pink card with some backing paper and then adding the finished decoupage image at an angle. The sentiment is also on the sheet and the embellishments have been cut from backing paper.

Make a plain square base card and fold halfway across the front, then attach this cover to the base of the folded front only. This creates the easel effect.

Inside the card, you layer more backing paper over the raspberry pink card and then create the “bumper” – or stop – that enables the easel card to stand up. The little image of the mice is layered and then stuck to the card with foam tape.

In this case we have used inserts to create the backing papers – it’s always worth having a flick through any inserts on one of our CDs as there are lots of extra ideas for designs hidden in there!

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Autumn leaves…

The drop in temperature this week confirms that Autumn has definitely arrived. Crisp Autumn days can be absolutely gorgeous and the beauty of Autumn leaves always makes me feel… well, what? Nostalgic? Romantic? Sad? All of those things I suppose, but there’s also a peaceful, ‘snuggly’ feel and the promise of wood smoke and conkers and fireworks… and then Christmas – one of my favourite times of year!! And then the cycle starts all over again…

But why do leaves change colour so dramatically before they fall? Leaves contain chemical pigments, like chlorophyll, that makes leaves green and help in the process of photosynthesis. The leaves also contain the chemical carotene which has a yellow colouring.

Carotene is in the leaves all year, but is hidden by the green of the chlorophyll. As autumn approaches and temperatures, especially those at night, begin to drop sharply, the chlorophyll breaks down and reveals the other pigments within the leaf (such as the carotene) that aren’t affected by the cooler temperatures… and hey presto, the beautiful reds and golds we love start to appear.

Autumn leaves are very beautiful and a joy to press. If you don’t have the time or patience to press them conventionally, you can always try ironing them between sheets of blotting paper. Iron them on a low to medium setting and then get creative!

A friend of mine wanted to replace the glass panel in her Victorian-era front door. She couldn’t find any etched glass to her taste, so she pressed some leaves, bought two panels of glass to the correct size and ‘sandwiched’ the leaves in between sealing the sandwich with some clear silicon sealant, the sort you can buy in any hardware store.

Once dry, she put her ‘double glazed’ panel in place and careful tacked the beading back. The leaves have been replaced once over the years, I believe, as they do fade in the sunlight, but it’s an unusual idea and one that has earned a lot of compliments!

I’d love to hear your ideas for Autumn leaves. Do you press them or simply mulch them to put back into your garden? Quite often, I’ll collect the brightest, plus a few conkers and cob nuts and put them in a bowl on the table just to admire such lovely natural beauty…

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